A theory to change the world!
Gender inequality norms are deeply entrenched in the structures of family, community, and State, resulting in structural and systemic as well as interpersonal violence against women and girls (VAWG). VAWG is inextricably linked to women’s lack of political influence as well as economic power deficit. Gendered divisions of labour and unequal power relations in the private/family and public spheres reinforce each other in undermining women’s agency to claim rights. Subordination in the family (e.g. denying freedom of movement, only recognizing women’s reproductive role as their societal contribution) shapes State laws and policies as well as the configuration of labour markets in ways that discriminate against women and restrict their access to information, resources and opportunities, including education and livelihood options. Vice-versa, women’s unequal status in the public sphere, reflected in discriminatory laws and values, supports and legitimises the inferior status accorded women and girls in the private sphere.